invention

invention
In patent law, the act or operation of finding out something new; the process of contriving and producing something not previously known or existing, by the exercise of independent investigation and experiment. Also the article or contrivance or composition so invented. Smith v. Nichols, 88 U.S. (21 Wall.) 112, 22 L.Ed. 566; Hollister v. Mfg. Co., 113 U.S. 59, 5 S.Ct. 717, 28 L.Ed. 901.
Invention is a concept; a thing involved in the mind; it is not a revelation of something which exists and was unknown, but is creation of something which did not exist before, possessing elements of novelty and utility in kind and measure different from and greater than what the art might expect from skilled workers. Pursche v. Atlas Scraper & Engineering Co., C.A.Cal., 300 F.2d 467, 472.
The finding out-the contriving, the creating of something which did not exist, and was not known before, and which can be made useful and advantageous in the pursuits of life, or which can add to the enjoyment of mankind. Not every improvement is invention; but to entitle a thing to protection it must be the product of some exercise of the inventive faculties and it must involve something more than what is obvious to persons skilled in the art to which it relates. Mere adaptation of known process to clearly analogous use is not invention. Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. v. U. S. Rubber Co., C.C.A.Ohio, 79 F.2d 948, 952, 953.
Inventive skill has been defined as that intuitive faculty of the mind put forth in the search for new results, or new methods, creating what had not before existed, or bringing to light what lay hidden from vision; it differs from a suggestion of that common experience which arose spontaneously and by a necessity of human reasoning in the minds of those who had become acquainted with the circumstances with which they had to deal. Hollister v. Mfg. Co., 113 U.S. 59, 5 S.Ct. 717, 28 L.Ed. 901.
Invention, in the nature of improvements, is the double mental act of discerning, in existing machines, processes or articles, some deficiency, and pointing out the means of overcoming it.
For examination of invention, see examination.
See also patent

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • INVENTION — L’invention est l’acte de produire par ses propres moyens un élément, un objet ou un processus original; plus généralement, de produire ou de créer en utilisant son imagination: inventer une machine, inventer une histoire. Le terme a aussi un… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • invention — Invention. s. f. v. Qualité, faculté, disposition de l esprit à inventer. Ce Poëte n a point d invention. il a l invention belle, heureuse. cet artisan est homme d invention, est plein d invention. Il se prend aussi pour l action d inventer, &… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Invention — In*ven tion, n. [L. inventio: cf. F. invention. See {Invent}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act of finding out or inventing; contrivance or construction of that which has not before existed; as, the invention of logarithms; the invention of the art of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • invention — in‧ven‧tion [ɪnˈvenʆn] noun 1. [countable] a new product that was not available before: • Do you realise that the paint roller is a Canadian invention? • There were displays of new inventions in the exhibition halls. 2. [uncountable] when… …   Financial and business terms

  • invention — in·ven·tion n: a device, process, or discovery under U.S. patent law that is new and useful, that reflects extraordinary creative ability or skill, and that makes a distinct and recognized contribution to and advancement of science; also: the act …   Law dictionary

  • invention — Invention, Constitutio, Machinatio, Inuentio, Inuentus, huius inuentus, Excogitatio. Invention ou allegation qu on fait par malice plus que par bonne foy, Calumnia. Inventions et tromperies pour venir à la fin de ses attaintes, Machinae. C est… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • invention — (n.) c.1400, devised method of organization, from O.Fr. invencion (13c.) and directly from L. inventionem (nom. inventio) faculty of invention; a finding, discovery, noun of action from pp. stem of invenire devise, discover, find, from in in, on… …   Etymology dictionary

  • invention — [n1] creation, creativeness apparatus, black box*, brainchild*, coinage, concoction, contraption, contrivance, creativity, design, development, device, discovery, doodad*, gadget, genius, gimmick, gizmo*, imagination, ingenuity, innovation,… …   New thesaurus

  • Invention — (v. lat.), 1) das Finden, Auffinden; so Inventio sanctae crucis, Kreuzerfindung; 2) Erfindung; 3) Kunstgriff. Daher Inventiös, erfinderisch …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Invention — (lat., franz.), Erfindung, Kunstgriff; bei Seb. Bach Bezeichnung für kleine, zwei und dreistimmige Klavierstücke im imitatorischen Stil; inventiös, erfinderisch, sinnreich …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Invention — (lat.), Erfindung; kurze Instrumentalsätze. Inventiös, erfinderisch, erfindungsreich, sinnreich …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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